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That Wicked Lord! What Do YOU Know?

The Fifth Baron Byron was NOT the grandfather of our poet as purported by Alexander Larman in his sloppily researched tome Byron’s Women which was published to enormous fanfare in 2016 but rather THE great-uncle.

For it was upon his demise that George Gordon Byron inherited the peerage along with the glorious ancestral abode of Newstead Abbey in Nottinghamshire.

The infamous title of the ‘Wicked Lord B’ was bestowed upon William Byron following the illegal sale of the family estates and ruining what little was left in revenge against his only son and heir for having had the temerity in true Byronic style to marry his cousin.

He was also said to have pushed Lady Byron into a pond, attempted the abduction of an actress before his marriage, ordered the slaughter of a thousand deer, and ran up enormous debts for horse racing and cock-fights.

It was also alleged that in a pique of anger, William Byron shot his coachman to death and having thrown the corpse into the carriage where his long-suffering wife was probably cowering in fear – he then mounted the box and rode off.

However, what is irrefutable about THIS Lord Byron is that he ordered Newstead Park to be stripped of all park land, a prize collection of family portraits was auctioned, a fabulous brass eagle was sold to Southwell Minster and that on Saturday January 26 1765 he murdered his neighbour and friend William Chaworth of Annesley.

The two Williams as gentlemen of the Nottinghamshire Club had been enjoying a weekly tradition of dinner at the Star and Garter Tavern in Pall Mall, London when they began to bicker about the best way of preserving game.

Wagers were set, the quarrel became serious, a challenge was offered and in an empty room lit only by a “poor little tallow candle” the two Williams drew their swords to which Byron promptly ran him through.

William Chaworth died the following day, naming his mistress as the beneficiary of his hastily dictated Will and Byron was sent to the Tower of London and brought to trial before his peers at the House of Lords on Tuefday, April the 16th, 1765.

‘Your Lordfhip is unhappily brought to this Bar to anfwer a heavy and dreadful Accufation, for you are charged with the Murder of a Fellow Subject.

The Solemnity and awful Appearance of this Judicature, mulft naturally embarrafs and discomofe your Lordfhip’s Spirits, whatever internal Refource you may have in Conscience to fupport you in your Defence.

How fay you, William Lord Byron, Are you guilty of the Felony and Murder whereof you ftand indicted, or not guilty?

Upon Byron’s reply of “Not guilty”, Sir Fletcher Norton for the prosecution alleged that:

It ftates, that Mr Chaworth faid, the noble Prifoner’s Sword was half-drawn when he turned from the Door, that, knowing his Man, he immediately whipped out his own, and had the firft Lunge at his Lordfhip, when Lord Byron fhortened his Sword, and run him through, and than faid, with an Oath, I have as much Courage as any Man in England…

Sir Fletcher Norton

Byron was to question several of  the witnesses over the two days of testimony that had been heard at Westminster Hall and addressed the Court in his own defense:

My Lords, this is my melancholy Story. I cannot pretend to call any Witneffes in Support of thofe Parts of it, which relate to what paffed during the few Minutes whilft we were in private. But as the Declarations of the Deceafed are admitted as Evidence, your Lordfhips will compare the broken Accounts collected by thofe Gentlemen who difcourfed with him, with fuch Circumftances as my Memory and Knowledge tell me are exactly true.

‘Wicked’ Lord Byron

After the Houfe had adjourned to the Chamber of Parliament, Byron was was declared “Not Guilty of Murder but Guilty of Manslaughter” and after payment of the fees was duly released.

Despite his disgrace, Byron eventually returned to society, and having accrued large debts, he became a figure of hatred not only for his tenants, and also that of his family for as his daughter Caroline stipulated in her Last Will and Testament in 1784 that her legacy to her “dear Mother” was not to be subjected to the “debts, receipts, control or intermeddling of Lord Byron”.

The Wicked Lord would also outlive his son and grandson whose death in 1794 from cannon fire in Corsica would ensure that ‘the little boy in Aberdeen’ would become the next heir.

Many years later when our poet lived at Newstead Abbey – his neighbour Mary Ann Chaworth of Annesley Hall became his ‘Morning Star of Annesley’

Tis fifty years, and three to boot,

Since, hand to hand, and foot to foot,

And heart to heart, and sword to sword,

One of our Ancestors was gored.

I’ve seen the sword that slew him; he,

The slain, stood in a like degree

To thee, as he, the Slayer stood

(Oh had it been but other blood!)

In kin and Chieftainship to me.

Thus came the heritage to thee

The Duel 1818

I have also seen the ‘sword that slew him’!

Byron was to write to J. J. Coulman from Genoa in July 1823 in response to some inaccurate reports about Byron’s history and he was to share some thoughts about ‘The Wicked Lord’:

As to Lord Byron, who killed Mr. Chaworth in a duel, so far from retiring from the world, he made the tour of Europe, and was appointed Master of the Stag-hounds after that event, and did not give up society until his son had offended him by marrying in a manner contrary to his duty.

So far from feeling any remorse for having killed Mr. Chaworth, who was a fire-eater (spadassin), and celebrated for his quarrelsome disposition, he always kept the sword which he used upon that occasion in his bed-chamber, where it still was when he died.

It is singular enough, that when very young, I formed a strong attachment for the grand-niece and heiress of Mr. Chaworth, who stood in the same degree of relationship as myself to Lord Byron; and at one time it was thought that the two families would have been united in us….

Sources Used:

Byron’s Letters and Journals, Ed. Leslie A. Marchand (London: John Murray, 1973-97)

The Trial of William Lord Byron of Rochdale for the Murder of William Chaworth (Initial Gale ECCO Print Edition)

'A Sigh to Those That Love Me'

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